Jim Fisher, The Offical Website
Home Biography Bibliography Events
Cases
Timeline
Spacer
Amish Murder
False Confessions
Murder-for-Hire

CRIME


1348-1748: Gangs of criminals roamed unchecked in England

1500-1600: Criminals in Germany were tortured for confessions

1640’s: American colonies’ first crime wave in New York

1650: Gin discovered in England, serious increase in crime

1660-1750: City slums and crime developed in England

1676-1776: Only crime in American colonies involved minor offenses

1676: Major arson case in Boston

1677: Burning at stake abolished in England

1692: Salem witchcraft episodes in American colonies

1700-1750: Crime grew in American colony seaport towns

1700-1725: Jonathan Wild was London’s most famous and notorious thief and fence

1717: The “Mississippi Bubble” swindle in France

1739: Dick Turpin, England’s number one criminal was executed

1740-1814: Era of Marquis DeSade in France

1741: 13 blacks burned at stake in NYC for arson

1750-1790: Serious crime wave in American colonies

1763: Serious depression in American colonies

1759-1778: Infanticide a major crime problem in Sweden

1788: Last woman in England to be burnt alive at the stake

1800-1850: All U.S. Cities were crime-ridden and dangerous

1801: Emperor of Russia was assassinated

1807: First American criminal autobiography written

1812: England – Prime Minister assassinated

1820-1855: U.S. – Industrialization and urbanization led to riots in major cities

1820-1830: Serious poverty in Paris – 200 murders a year in the city

1820: England – Thieves, forgers, and robbers no longer subjected to the death penalty

1825: England – Counterfeiting a major problem

1828: Burke and Hare Case – England – Murder

1832: U.S. – State banks established – forgery became a problem

1838: Abraham Lincoln said that internal violence was America’s major domestic problem

1840-1880: Gambling was a big business in U.S. cities

1841: Mary Cecilia Rogers Case – U.S. – Murder

1849: Major arson case in St. Louis

1837-1900: There were seven attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria. They were all unsuccessful.

1849-1902: 210 vigilante movements in the American West

1850-1900: The golden era of the con game in the U.S.

1850-1900: U.S. cities were still unsafe. European cities were bringing crime under control.

1850-1860: Los Angeles suffered from a high homicide rate

1850: American cities were expanding at an exceedingly rapid rate

1850: China – Millions were addicted to opium

1851: San Francisco’s first vigilance committee established

1857: There were 80,000 prostitutes in London

1859: An arsonist burned down a famous NYC museum

1860-1907: Adam Worth, England’s greatest thief, was active

1860: The dime novel was created. It made heroes out of the outlaws of the American West
------ Gangs called tongs controlled San Francisco’s underworld
------ Constance Kent Case – England – Murder
------ It was estimated that half the paper money in the U.S. was counterfeit

1861: Allan Pinkerton frustrated a plot on President Lincoln’s life

1864: Ma Mandlebaum was the biggest fence in NYC

1865: President Lincoln assassinated
------ First major bank robbery in the U.S. at Concord, MA

1866: There were 615 houses of prostitution in NYC

1867: Allan Pinkerton broke a wiretapping swindle involving the Stock Exchange

1868: Pinkerton detectives arrested the Reno brothers (train robbers)

1869-1878: Wave of major bank burglaries in the U.S.

1870: The Prime Minister of Spain was assassinated

1872-1878: Sicily – Mafia vendettas wiped out towns

1873: Jesse James gang robbed a train by first wrecking it

1874: Charley Ross Kidnapping Case – First U.S. kidnapping for ransom

1875-1880: First serious crime was in the U.S.

1876: James and Younger gangs wiped out by townspeople in Northfield, Minnesota

1877: Crime in the U.S. had shifted from the frontier to the city
------ Pinkerton men arrested men attempting to steal Abraham Lincoln’s body
------ Pinkerton troops broke up the Mollie Maquires gang

1880-1905: 551 persons in England and Wales were convicted of murder

1881: President James A. Garfield was assassinated

1882: Jesse James was shot by one of his own gang members for the reward
------ Jack-the-Ripper Case – England – Murder

1889: Maybrick Case – England – Murder

1890: Hennessy Case – U.S. – Murder
------ Bill Doolin gang active in Oklahoma territory

1892: Dalton gang wiped out in Coffeyville, Kansas
------ Johnson County Range War in Wyoming
------ Homestead, PA labor violence involving Pinkerton guards and union members
------ Lizzie Borden Case – U.S. – Murder

1894: President Carnot of France assassinated

1896: America’s first mass murderer was hanged

1898: Heroin was introduced to the world by the Bayor Company of Germany

1900-1920: U.S. – Mail-order confidence men flourished

1900-1910: U.S. – Major increase in murder rate

1901: President William McKinley assassinated

1903: Serbia – King and Queen assassinated

1907: Black Hand terrorist groups operated in several large U.S. cities

1908: Portugal – King Carlos I assassinated
------ Belle Gunness Case – U.S. – Mass Murder

1909: Joe Petrosino Case – Sicily – Murder
------ Oscar Slater Case – Scotland – Murder

1910-1914: The Chicago Vice Commission in operation

1910: Cora Crippen Case – England – Murder

1911: William J. Burns solved the Los Angeles Times bombing case

1912: Becker-Rosenthal Case – U.S. – Murder

1913: Ludlow Colorado mine strike
------ ”Yellow Kid” Weil at the top of his career as a con man
------ Leo Frank Case – U.S. – Murder

1914: Austro-Hungarian Archduke and his wife were assassinated

1918-1928: Wave of automobile theft in the U.S.

1919: Chicago Race Riots

1920: After the Volstead Act, 23,000 speakeasies in NYC (15,000 legal bars in 1919)

1920-1933: Third major rise in the U.S. homicide rate

1920-1935: Armed robbery became a common offense in the U.S.

1921: Colt started selling the “Tommy gun.”

1920-1940: Marijuana use in the U.S. was limited to a small deviant culture

1920: U.S. – A study showed that 1 out of 400 persons in U.S. was a morphine addict
------ England – Agatha Christie published her first detective novel

1921: Thompson – Bywaters Case – England – murder
------ Fatty Arbuckle Case – U.S. – rape/murder

1923: Big Jim Colosimo killed in Chicago

1924-1936: A tremendous crime wave in the U.S. – worse than those before

1924: American Edwin H. Sutherland published his text, Criminology

1926: Since 1891, the U.S. population increased 90% while crime had risen 1,200%

1928: 23 Sicilian gang leaders met in Cleveland, Ohio

1929: Al Capone’s criminal empire in Chicago made $60 million a year
------ The Untouchables were formed and headed by Eliot Ness
------ Dasheill Hammett began publishing his detective novels
------ Bootlegging had expanded into U.S.’s single largest industry, employing 800,000 people with an annual revenue of $4 billion

1930-1935: The U.S. suffered its second major crime wave

1930-1933: There was an arson-fraud epidemic in Brooklyn, NY

1930: A major arson case at the state penitentiary at Columbus, Ohio

1931: German pyromaniac and mass murder Peter Kurten was beheaded

1932: U.S. – Icar Kreuger pulled off one of the biggest financial swindles in U.S. history

1934: Albert Fish Case – U.S. – mass murder
------ 489 homicides in NYC
------ 280 homicides in England and Wales
------ In new York, 28% of those convicted of a capital offense were executed
------ In Great Britain, 19% of those convicted of a capital offense were executed
------ U.S. – the Maranzano Organized Crime was ended and the Mafia’s first board of directors was formed
------ John Dillinger was killed in Chicago by FBI Agents
------ FBI Agents killed “Pretty Boy” Flloyd in East Liverpool, Ohio
------ FBI Agents killed “Baby Face” Nelson in Niles Center, Illinois

1935: Huey Long Case – U.S. – murder

1939: U.S. – 895 persons convicted of counterfeiting
------ Raymond Chandler published his first detective novel
------ Piccadilly Bomb Case – England – murder

1940-1945: Peak period in U.S. for true-crime type detective magazines

1940: Abe Reles turned state’s evidence and U.S. public learned of Murder Inc. and the nature of organized crime

1943: Sir Harry Oakes Case – Bahamas – murder
------ The Detroit Race Riot

1944: Organized crime figure Lepke Buchalter died in the electric chair

1946: Lucky Luciano was deported after serving a 10 year prison term
------ Bugsy Siegel opened the Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas

1947: Micky Spillane published his first detective novel
------ Black Dahlia Case – U.S. – murder
------ Bugsy Siegel killed in Beverly Hills

1948: Chessman Case – U.S. – kidnapping
------ In NYC there were 51 Driving While Intoxicated convictions

1950: Brinks Case – U.S. – robbery
------ Since 1900, 7 mass murder cases in U.S. (7 or more victims)

1951: Kenneth Skinner Case – U.S. – arson/murder

1953: Vincent Ciucci Case – U.S. – arson/murder
------ John Christie Case – England – murder

1955: Jack Gilbert Graham Case – U.S. – murder
------ George Fisher Case – U.S. – arson
------ England – the last woman was hanged in Great Britain

1957: Organized crime figure Albert Anastasia killed
------ Organized crime meeting at Apalachin, New York
------ Genovese – Costello organized crime war

1958: Richard Starkweather Case – U.S. – mass murder

1960: The CIA recruited Chicago mob boss Sam Giancana to assassinate Fidel Castro

1963: Great Train Robbery Case – England – robbery
------ U.S. – Since 1935, there had been a rapid increase in the population without an increase in the nation’s homicide rate

1964: Joseph Valachi became the highest level Mafia informer to date

1965: Boston Strangler Case – U.S. – mass murder
------ Watts Race Riot
------ Moors Murder Case – England – mass murder
------ Alice Crimmens Case – U.S. – murder
------ In Cold Blood published by Truman Capote

1966: Charles Whitman Case – U.S. – mass murder
------ Richard Speck Case – U.S. – mass murder

1968: Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis by James Earl Ray
------ Robert Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan
------ Dr. Karl Menninger published The Crime of Punishment

1969: Charles Manson Case – mass murder
------ Since 1960, population of U.S. up 13% while crime up 148%
------ Jock Yablonski Case – U.S. – murder

1970: The President’s Commission on Obscenity and Pornography submitted its controversial report to president Nixon
------- There were three major arson/murder cases in the U.S., each involving multiple deaths

1971: Juan Corona Case – U.S. – mass murder
------- Organized crime figure Joseph Columbo Sr. was killed in Central Park

1972: Since 1967, shoplifting was up 73%
------- Since 1968, there were 134 attempted skyjackings of U.S. aircraft
------- Organized crime figure “Crazy Joe” Gallo was killed
------- Organized crime figure Tommy Eboli was killed
------- Attempted assassination of George Wallace

1973: Edward Kemper III Case – U.S. – mass murder
------- Equity Funding Case – U.S. – computer fraud
------- Dean Corll Case – U.S. – mass murder

1974: There was a major arson/murder case at Port Chester, NY
------- National crime survey was conducted by the LEAA and the U.S. Census Bureau
------- National crime survey was conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics Department
------- The business community lost 21.3 billion dollars to crime this year
------- Arson claimed 1,000 lives and cost the U.S. $616 million
------- Of the 2,000 females arrested for homicide this year, only 1 out of 10 were convicted

1975: There was a $10 million arson in Shelton, Conn.
------- Organized crime figure Jimmy Hoffa disappeared
------- Organized crime figure Sam Giancana was killed
------- Since 1968, 30 American diplomats and other U.S. Officials in foreign countries were kidnapped
------- Two women attempted to assassinate President Ford on two separate occasions

1976: A college student stole over $1 million by computer fraud
------- Since 1950, there were 16 mass murder cases in the U.S. (7 victims or more)
------- Investigative reporter Don Bolles was killed while investigating business and organized crime dealings in Arizona and elsewhere
------- There was a major arson/murder case in New York City

1977: Berkowitz Case – U.S. – murder
------- Gary Gilmore was executed in Utah
------- The U.S. Senate held hearings on the arson problem
------- In Chicago, a convicted murder was sentences to 1,000 to 3,000 years by a judge
------- Jimmy Fratianno became the highest level Mafia informer to date
------- It was estimated this year that 25 to 50% of all fires were intentionally set

1978: Six restaurant employees were executed by robbers in Oklahoma City
------- Lufthansa Case – U.S. – robbery

1979: Since 1968, the Uniform Crime Reports index offenses rose 64%
------- There was a major arson/murder case in Hoboken, N.J.
------- This year bank robberies in the U.S. hit an all-time high
------- Organized crime figure Carmine Galante was gunned down in a New York City café
------- John Wayne Gacy Case – U.S. – mass murder
------- Since 1975, there was an increase in the incarceration rate for while collar criminals
------- White collar criminals stole more than $50 billion from U.S. business
------- Congress made arson a part I offense (for purposes of the Uniform Crime Reports)
------- Since the mid 1970’s, there were nine major arson-for-profit rings broken up by federal arson strike force teams


This page was last updated on: Monday, January 14, 2008

Lindbergh Case
Pizza Bombing
Publishing Scams
Writing
Quotes
Success Stories
Readings
Forensics
Spacer
General
Fingerprints
Polygraph
Firearms
Documents
Under Fire
Crime
Celebrated
Top 15
Resources
Spacer
Readings
Links
Timeline

Home | Biography | Bibliography | Events
CASES -- Amish Murder | False Confessions | Murder-for-Hire | Lindbergh Case | Pizza Bombing | Publishing Scams
WRITING -- Quotes | Success Stories | Readings
FORENSICS -- General | Fingerprints | Polygraph | Firearms | Documents | Under Fire
CRIME -- Celebrated | Top 15
RESOURCES -- Readings | Links | Timeline


A. James Fisher
Dept. of Political Science & Criminal Justice, 146 Hendricks Hall
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, Edinboro, PA 16444
e-mail: jfisher@edinboro.edu blog: http://jimfishertruecrime.blogspot.com

								

FOR CURRENT AND FUTURE CONTENT VISIT JIM'S BLOG